In 1990, Alberto Fujimori, a professor of agricultural engineering and mathematics became the president of Peru. He was born in Lima, but both of his parents were Japanese . Fujimori was perceived as an outsider in a country where most of the population are descendants of indigenous people. During his first presidential campaign, Fujimori captivated the attention of the populate by convincing them that he would solve Peru main issues .Terrorism and hyper inflation. Although he was seen as foreigner for most of the populace, Fujimori’s slogan was “Un presidente como tu” ( a president like you) which was a bit confusing, since not many people could not relate to a Japanese university professor, but it was Fujimori’s use rhetoric what really persuade 54% of the peruvian population to vote for him. This particular case is emphasize by Honing in her idea of the Foreigner founder.
When Fujimori defeated Mario Vargas Llosa in the 1990 election, he promised the peruvian people that he would solve the problem of hyper inflation without using any type of shock policy . The next day, after the presidential ceremony , Fujimori’s first act as a president was to cut the country’s expenses and to use the so called “fuji shock” measure which would reduce the level of inflation in the country. However, the country was facing another huge problem, terrorism. The Shining Path was a strong group and each year it was becoming stronger. Fujimori and his partner in crime Vladimiro Montesinos started creating laws against this terrorist acts and began the constructions of murder groups such as “ El Grupo Colina” in order to fight any potential type of terrorist activity. However, some congressmen were not entirely in favor of Fujimori’s laws and acts . Fujimori saw this as a threat and decided to have a self coup in which he would dissolve the congress and make him a dictator.
Fujimori explained that the reason for this self coup was “ to protect democracy from terrorism”. While he remained as a dictatorship , Fujimori passed every anti terrorist law which pretty much emphasized that any person could be linked to the Shining Path. Many innocent people were captured by special forces of the government and were taken to jails due to suspicious terrorist acts. Fujimori believed that democracy was in danger and therefore extreme measures had to be taken . Just a Carl Schmitt said , when people are not ready for democracy , the best thing is to suspend it, and thats exactly what Fujimori did. However, due to international pressure, Fujimori was forced to restore democracy and to create a new whole constitution. People were scared to death. This foreigner president had lied about the economy and thousands of people were taken to jail and been tortured.
Five months after the coup, the leader of the Shining Path Abimael Guzman was captured . People were giving all the credit to Fujimori’s terrorist laws, however, the people who really captured Guzman were police man who didn’t have any connection to Fujimori’s laws . Now a days , Fujimori is perceived as the guy who exterminated terrorism in my country, however, people do not understand the implications of what his terrorist laws did to thousands of innocent people. Fujimori is now in prison for attempting against human rights , he lives with three of his best friends , one next to each other,Vladimiro Montesinos and Abimael Guzman . However, there is still thousands of people who support him.
There goes a good documentary about it, some is in spanish some in English